Researchers studied the effects on cardiovascular health on patients after undergoing non-cardiac surgery in the United States.
With more than 300 million non-cardiac surgeries being performed worldwide each year, researchers from the New York University School of Medicine examined the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, or MACCE, such as heart attack or stroke and death, resulting from non-cardiac surgery.
Researchers used the National Inpatient Sample to identify patients who had major non-cardiac surgery from January 2004 to December 2013. Of the 10,581,621 hospitalizations for major non-cardiac surgery, perioperative, meaning before, during and after surgery, MACCE occurred in 317,479 hospitalizations, roughly 3 percent. This meant an annual incidence of about 150,000 events.
The team examined national trends in hospital-related adverse outcomes and mortality after major non-cardiac surgery and found that the incidence of MACCE declined from 3.1 percent to 2.6 percent. However, there was an increase in perioperative ischemic stroke from 0.52 percent in 2004 to 0.77 percent in 2013.
The study also showed men had a higher risk of perioperative MACCE than women, with non-Hispanic black patients having the highest rates of death and ischemic stroke.
“Perioperative MACCE occurs in one of every 33 hospitalizations for noncardiac surgery,” Dr. Sripal Bangalore, of the New York University School of Medicine and co-author of the study, said in a press release. “Cardiovascular complications after non-cardiac surgery remain a major source of morbidity and mortality. Despite improvements in perioperative outcomes over the past decade, the significant increase in the rate of ischemic stroke in this analysis requires confirmation and further study. Additional efforts are necessary to improve perioperative cardiovascular care of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.”
The study was published in JAMA Cardiology.
Meet the completely tattooed Brazilian who removed his nose, added horns and reshaped his ears to resemble an ‘orc’
UK’s PM Johnson in talks with US on COVID-19 travel corridor
Tunisia reassures EU, UN, Turkey after its president froze parliament
Three Armenian soldiers killed in clashes with Azerbaijan: Armenian defense ministry
Truck in India rams into laborers sleeping on highway, killing 18
Asia6 days ago
Man with coronavirus disguises as wife on Indonesian flight
Europe6 days ago
Norway mourns 77 dead a decade after extremist attack
Middle East6 days ago
Israel to reimpose COVID-19 ‘Green Pass’ as Delta variant hits
Australia & NZ6 days ago
Sydney COVID-19 outbreak a ‘national emergency’ as cases spike
Health6 days ago
EU lists rare nerve disorder as side-effect of J&J COVID-19 vaccine
Health6 days ago
Europe Could Have Been Hit With COVID-19 Earlier Than China, New Study Reveals
Europe4 days ago
French protesters reject bill requiring vaccine passes
Business6 days ago
Websites of Major American Companies Reportedly Go Offline